This is an old revision of the document!
I learned about ABC Notation indirectly. I was looking for backing tracks to accompany me while I practice the guitar. Its fairly tedious to find exactly what I need (right speed, right key, etc…), so I thought: why not program my own tracks. MIDI seemed like the obvious starting point…everything supports it. But it turns out to be a complicated thing to program. Lots of effort would be needed, and the output isn't very human-friendly.
So I queried the package manager on my linux box, and scanned through the results. A tool called ABCMidi caught my eye because of its description:
abcMIDI is a package of programs [...] for processing ABC music notation files. It consists of several programs: abc2midi, abc2abc, yaps, and midi2abc.
I had no idea what ABC is, so I kept reading:
Very nice! That's the kind of leverage I was looking for. The idea is starting to take shape now… Write a small program to create ABC files and let abcMIDI and the abc plugin do the rest. So I can have sheet music in standard notation on my website, and midi files available for download. Cool!
My first attempt at using the ABC tools ended up like this. Not bad for a 15-minute exercise.
(Note: if you can't play the midi file, it could be that you have RealPlayer handling your MIDI files, which it doesn't like to do. Try QuickTime or another player instead.)
This is my second attempt, done on my hosted website instead of my home server. It took a lot of effort to make this work properly on my hosting account. A full description of what I had to do is here.
I have to say thanks to the support staff at A Small Orange for helping to get this working. Tim G, Jayson G, Phil Z, Jason H, Josh S, and Victor T got the job done (at different times of day, of course). I don't think most hosting services would go that far. I'm happy to be with them.
Below is a simple example of what the ABC Plugin can do.
X:42 T:Test M:4/4 K:C "C" C2 D2 E2 G2 |"C" c8 |] w:This is just a test
<ABC> X: 1 T: Tourdion C: Pierre Attaignant (c.1494 - c.1551) M: 3/2 L: 1/4 Q: 1/2 = 140 %%staves [S|A|T|B] V: S clef=treble name=“Soprano” V: A clef=treble name=“Alto” V: T clef=treble-8 name=“Tenor” V: B clef=bass name=“Bass” octave=-2 K: Bm %#define !F! ”” [V: S] !F!EFGAGF |E3 FGA|BAGGAF |(G2FE)D2| w: Quand je bois du vin clai-ret, a-mi tout \ w: tour-ne tour-ne tour-ne tour - - ne, [V: A] !F!B,4 B,2|E4 E2 |D4 E2 |E2 A4 | w: Le bon vin nous a ren- du gais, [V: T] !F!G4 E2 |B4 B2 |B2B2=c2|B4 A2 | w: Bu- vons bien, bu- vons mes a- mis, trin- [V: B] !F!e4 e2 |e4 e2 |g2b2a2 |e2f4 | w: Bu- vons bien, bu- vons mes a- mis, trin- % [V: S] EFGAGF|E2G2F2 |E4 D2 |E6 :: w: aus-si d\'e-sor-mais je bois An-jou ou Ar-bois. [V: A] G4 E2 |(B,A,B,C) D2|B,2 B,4 |B,6:: w: chan-tons, ou-bli-ons nos pei-nes, chan-tons! [V: T] B4 B2 |G4 A2 |G2 (FEF2)|E6 :: w: quons, bu-vons, gai-ment chan - - tons! [V: B] e4 e2 |e4 d2 |e2 B4 |e6 :: w: quons, bu-vons, gai-ment chan-tons! % [V: S] !fff!B3 AB=c|B4 B2|d=cBAGF|(G3F) E2| w: chan- tons et bu-vons, \`a ce fla-con fai-sons la guer -re, [V: A] !fff!G4 G2 |G4 G2|F4 F2 |E4E2 | w: en man-geant d'un gras jam-bon, \`a [V: T] !fff!e4 e2 |d4 d2|d4 d2 |B4 B2 | w: en man-geant d'un gras jam-bon, \`a [V: B] !fff!e4 e2 |g4 g2|d4 d2 |e4 e2 | w: en man-geant d'un gras jam-bon, \`a % [V: S] B3 AB=c|B2 (AG) F2|E4 D2 |E6 !D.C.!:| w: chan-tons et bu-vons, mes a-mis, bu-vons donc! [V: A] D4 D2 |D4 D2 |B,2 B,4|B,6:| w: ce fla-con fai-sons la guerre! [V: T] B4 B2 |B4 A2 |G2 F4 |E6 :| w: ce fla-con fai-sons la guerre! [V: B] g4 g2 |g4 d2 |e2 B4 |e6 :| w: ce fla-con fai-sons la guerre! </abc>